The trailer itself must also be an approved model and have license plates and stop lights, position, and turn signals, with the precise installation for connection to the tractor vehicle. When buying it, you should advise on the suitability of the trailer and your vehicle, because its power must be sufficient to drive without problems with the excess load involved in the trailer. In these cases, having a diesel car helps.
Once the trailer hooked, you should always perform an inspection of the hitch system, which must be perfectly secured and with the lighting connections well attached.
Although it is not a motor vehicle, the tires must bear the correct pressures, not showing signs of wear or deformities.
Before starting up, check the correct functioning of the lights. Clean them frequently as they tend to get quite dirty with road splashes. Repeat this operation with the registration because we must not forget that they can sanction us if it is not very visible.
Inspect the structure
Look closely at the trailer’s chassis, checking its elements and verifying that it has not suffered any damage after using it for the last time, or that it lacks any element. Please pay special attention to the third wheel, which helps you to handle the uncoupled trailer: check that it is well folded and secured before starting the ride.
Sort the load
Trailer weight distribution is critical to ensure ride stability. Place the heaviest objects in the center of the trailer and ensure that the load distributed as low as possible to lower the center of gravity.
Fix the load
Luggage must not move inside the trailer. Use strong and quality straps to fix the load and make sure it is well covered. There are trailers with a rigid cover, but if yours does not have it, use a well-tensioned tarp and secured to the trailer box.
To drive with a small trailer behind, something usual is necessary. With the passing of the km, one tends to forget that the dimensions and dynamics of the vehicle he drives have varied substantially, which means that when driving and maneuvering. Also, the side wind greatly influences the driving with a trailer, before which you must always reduce the speed.
When carrying a road trailer, the total vehicle is longer and heavier. The braking distance will be much greater (directly proportional to the weight of the load), so you must increase the safety distance from the vehicle that precedes you.
Do not forget that greater length and weight when overtaking, because you will not have the same acceleration and you will need more distance to join the right lane after overtaking, key in the case of secondary roads. Nor can you take the curves at the same speed as when you don’t carry the trailer. It is advisable to anticipate the movements before starting the turns.
If this is the first time you use a light trailer, it is best to train the maneuvers before making a trip. The first thing is to try to carry out stationary maneuvers to get used to the reverse trailer that turns the opposite of the vehicle, so you must move the steering wheel in the opposite direction to where you want to go.
Then check on the road how the trailer with load affects the responses and reactions of the car. Little by little, one is getting used to having to use shorter developments and the new dynamic.